The holidays can be a tough time of year for many families, and particularly so when there is a Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) diagnosis in the mix. To help support the youngest members of families living with PTSD, we’ve developed some tips and strategies to help you help them get the most out of the season.
Holidays can be a difficult time for families for a variety of reasons. Keep it simple. Try not to over commit your time and energy. Communicate hopes with loved ones and create an opportunity for everyone to have a chance to contribute to the holiday plans. That way, there is a better chance that everyone’s expectations will be met.
Normalize feelings – the good ones and the more difficult ones too
Give kids the space and support they need to share their feelings. They may be angry, disappointed, or scared that a family member isn’t feeling particularly well over the holidays. Or, the kids in your life may be feeling happy and excited, but are unsure about how to show it when someone in the family isn’t feeling well. Children may feel overwhelmed, frustrated, or have anxiety during the holiday season as well. They may also be picking up and mirroring your feelings. Adopt special words or cues for children and youth to talk about mental health. For example, having a bad day can be expressed as “I’m red today,” “I’m having a dragon day,” or “I’m feeling Grinchy!” They may need some help in just saying, “I need some space!”
Also, think about helping them with cues or language to express excitement and joy during the season. Children learn from our example about what is important in life. Show positive self-talk, dance to your favourite music, play in the snow, or make your own holiday cards.
And, remember to model (as best you can) the behaviour you want to see in your children. Children and youth watch the adults in their lives and learn a lot from what they see. Showing compassion and love for the person in the family with PTSD and not villainizing or blaming them will benefit the children in the family immensely.
Be patient, understanding, and supportive
Being there for the children and youth in your life, actively listening to their thoughts and concerns, and reassuring them are important to help them navigate their experiences and feelings.
Plan ahead for gatherings
Kids can get overwhelmed with the holidays too, and may need space to decompress or just regroup while you are out. Talk about what that might look like prior to the outing. Think about bringing books, art supplies, action figures, or allowing them time on their phones when they are there.
If going out to a gathering isn’t possible, find new ways for children and youth to maintain a connection with their family member experiencing PTSD. While going to a crowded holiday parade or children’s party may be too challenging for the affected parent right now, making hot chocolate and watching a parade on TV, or having a family-only tree lighting in the back yard could become its own event. Special memories can be made in all sorts of ways.
Schedule time for the kids to have their own time, and the adults their time as well, during the holidays.
In addition to planning activities with the child or youth’s family member with PTSD, if possible, also plan separate activities for them without that family member. This can give the youth space to engage in activities without worrying that their affected family member may get triggered. Consider having an adult without PTSD, such as another family member, a neighbour, or a family friend take the child to an event. Be sure to discuss these plans openly with the affected family member, especially if they are a parent to the child.
Be fair but firm
Parenting and/or supporting children and youth can be tough at the best of times. It is important to recognize that the children and youth in your life may be dealing with the situation and their stress as best they can, which may lead them to act out from time to time. Show them they are loved and supported, while also ensuring that you maintain clear and consistent boundaries about what is acceptable and unacceptable behaviour. Engage with them in meaningful ways as best you can – plan special times with your child or youth to talk about feelings. Let them know that what they feel is important and valid.
|The holidays can be hectic!|
Try to maintain routine that is consistent and predictable. This will help to create a sense of stability for everyone in the home, including yourself! Remember holidays can be celebrated any day – not just by following the calendar! Start a new tradition that everyone in the family helps to create.
Holiday Connection Box
It can be challenging for children and youth to connect with a family member who is experiencing PTSD. For example, receiving treatment might mean that their family member is away or not around as much. Their symptoms and behaviours might also make them absent in other ways (that is, physically present but not mentally or emotionally available).
Create a “connection box” for when the affected family member is not up to engaging or is away for treatment.
A connection box can be a good way to keep that link, by providing an opportunity to revisit special times together. Your child or youth can bring out their connection box whenever they miss their family member, are in distress, or want to feel more connected to them.
Creating a connection box is a shared activity between your child or youth and their affected family member.
Step 1: Find a box.
Step 2: Choose items to put in the box together.
Some suggestions include: something that smells like their family member, something to snuggle, photographs of holidays past, something they made together, a favourite seasonal treat, a significant or favourite item of their family member, a memento of an outing or occasion together, or a favourite holiday story book. Have the parent with the PTSD write a short letter or card that is a surprise for the child or youth to find in the box.
Step 3: Decorate the box together. Make it festive!
Creating the box together will go a long way in making it more meaningful for your child or youth. It is important to be mindful of the energy needed to do this activity and to think through a plan in case it becomes overwhelming. If the affected parent is not up to making the box with the child, give the child lots of space and time to make the box on their own, but with your help.
When your child is missing their parent, or is longing for that connection, share the box with them and remind them that they are loved.
Benefits that you might not have considered
PTSD in your family and/or friend circle can bring its own set of challenges, but it also provides some opportunities that other families may not have. For example, it gives you a context in which to teach the children and youth in your life about mental health. It gives children and youth skills in understanding and communicating about their own feelings and in how to maintain their mental wellness. It provides hands-on experiences with a wide range of emotions and teaches empathy, caring, and compassion.
Reflect on this past year, what are some things that have helped your family? What works for one family might not work for another. You know your family best, always remember to include your kids in making age appropriate decisions of what the holidays might look for your family.
Supports and Resources
Here are some additional resources that might help out:
Coping with the Holidays: Coping with the Holidays: Some tips for reducing stress and making your own traditions.
Supporting children in families with PTSD: How to support children – Centre of Excellence on PTSD
Resources for when the going gets particularly tough – When the going gets particularly tough – Centre of Excellence on PTSD
Listing of programs, resources, and supports for families living with PTSD: Family Resources and Programs – Centre of Excellence on PTSD